Gerunds are verbs in noun form. In Japanese, gerunds are called 動名詞 (どうめいし; doumeishi).
Here are some examples of gerunds.
- I started writing a letter.
- Playing baseball is fun.
- We like eating ice cream.
Continuous tense verbs are not gerunds. For example, the following sentence doesn't have a gerund.
- I am working.
- Gerund Crossword Puzzles
- Study schedule.
- Gerund or Infinitive? Students learn which verbs are followed by a gerund and which are followed by an infinitive, and then practice using them in a paragraph.
- Students might translate "started doing" as 「して始めた」. Here a better translation is 「することを始めた」. The latter translation is more accurate, and you probably want to use it, even if you don't explain why.