Mother Teresa

Sunshine English Course 3 (Heisei 28) pg. 102-105

Who is Mother Teresa? Here is a story about her.
A child was born on August 26, 1910, in Macedonia. She was named Agnes and was later known as Mother Teresa.
In 1929, she went to India. She taught geography and history at St. Mary's High School in Kolkata.
In 1931, she made up her mind to become a nun and took the name Teresa. Her life began to change when she was thirty-six years old. She decided to help the poor by living among them.

Mother Teresa learned many things like nursing the sick, and went back to Kolkata. She lived in one of the poorest places in the city. She gathered together some children from the neighborhood. She taught them the alphabet by writing letters on the ground with a stick.
She showed the children how to wash, and she gave each of them a piece of soap. She also went out and begged for food for the poor.
She loved children very much. She liked to talk about a little boy who was brought to her by some Sisters. He was suffering from a bad stomachache.
"So I sat the child down and asked when he last ate something. This morning? Nothing. Last night? Nothing. Yesterday? Nothing. The stomachache came from hunger!"

Mother Teresa worked hard for poor children. For example, she started an international fund. It helps children by supporting programs to train them.
Many girls "dropped out" of their rich families to join Mother Teresa. They put on the white sari of the poor. Mother Teresa started the Missionaries of Charity. Her love for the poor soon spread to many places in the world.
The Missionaries do not depend only on their kind hearts. They all learn professions like nursing or teaching in order to help the poor. One of their beliefs is, "We should be the salt of the earth."

On December 11, 1979, Mother Teresa was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. When she received the prize, she was asked, "What can we do to promote world peace?" She answered, "Go home and love your family." The money she was given as part of the Prize was used for the poor in India.

She died in 1997. Her love for the poor and the sick shows how we can work for others. We will never forget what she did for those people.

Official translation (Heisei 28)

Taken from the Sunshine's teachers manual.

マザー・テレサ
マザー・テレサとは誰ですか。これは彼女のお話です。
1910年8月26日,マケドニアに1人の子どもが生まれました。アグネスと名づけられましたが,のちにはマザー・テレサとして知られました。
1929年,彼女はインドに行き,コルカタにあるセント・メアリーズ高等学校で地理と歴史を教えました。
1931年,彼女は修道女になることを決心し,テレサという名をもらいました。36歳のとき,彼女の人生が変わり始めました。貧しい人々とともに生活し,彼らを救おうと決めたのです。

マザー・テレサは病気の人たちの看護など多くのことを学んで,コルカタに帰りました。彼女はその都市のもっとも貧しい場所の1つで暮らしました。近所から子どもたちを集め,地面に棒で文字を書いてアルファベットを教えたりしました。
彼女は,子どもたちに体や手足の洗い方を教え,めいめいに石けんを与えました。また,自ら出かけて貧しい人たちのために食べ物を恵んでくれるよう頼み歩きました。
彼女は子どもたちをとても愛していました。彼女は,シスターたちに運び込まれてきた幼い男の子のことを好んで語っていました。その子はひどい腹痛に襲われていました。
「それで,私はその子を座らせて,最後に何かを食べたのがいつなのかとたずねました。その日の朝なの。ううん,何も。前の晩なの。何も食べてない。昨日は。何も食べなかった。彼の腹痛は空腹のために起きたのでした。」

マザー・テレサは貧しい子どもたちのために一所懸命に働きました。その一例として,彼女は,国際基金を創設しました。それは子どもたちに訓練を受けさせるプログラムを支援して子どもたちを助けています。
多くの若い女性が裕福な家庭からいわば「落ちこぼれ」てマザー・テレサの活動に加わりました。彼女たちは貧しい人々が着る白いサリーを身にまといました。マザー・テレサは神の愛の宣教者会を設立しました。貧しい人々への彼女の愛はすぐに世界じゅうの至るところに広がっていきました。
神の愛の宣教者会は,そこに属する人たちの優しい心に頼るばかりではありません。そのメンバーは全員,貧しい人々を助けるために看護や教職のような専門職を学びます。彼らの信念の1つに「大地の塩となるべし」ということがあります。

1979年12月11日にマザー・テレサはノーベル平和賞を受賞しました。受賞したとき,彼女は「平和を促進するために私たちは何ができますか」とたずねられました。彼女は,「家に帰って家族を愛してあげてください。」と答えました。受賞の一部としてもらったお金はインドの貧しい人々のために使われました。

彼女は1997年に亡くなりました。貧しい人々や病気の人々に対する彼女の愛は,私たちがほかの人のためにどう行動できるのかを示してくれました。貧しい人々や病気の人々のために彼女がしてくれたことを私たちは決して忘れないでしょう。

Total English 2 (Heisei 17) pg. 89-93

Agnes was born in Macedonia in 1910. When she was still very young, she wanted to give her life to God. Agnes went to Calcutta, India and became a nun when she was 19 years old. She changed her name to Sister Teresa.
Sister Teresa taught girls at high school. On the way to school, she always saw poor people. She could not forget them.
One day, Sister Teresa decided to help the poorest of the poor. She moved to the slums alone.

Sister Teresa began teaching children in the slums. There were no desks, no chairs and no boards. She wrote letters and numbers on the ground.
She also took care of hungry and sick people. She went from door to door to get food for them.
Some time later, one of her old students wanted to join Sister Teresa's work. Sister Teresa told her, "This work is not easy. You must live for others."
Her student joined Teresa and in time many others joined as well.

Sister Teresa opened a house for the dying and, after that, another house for children without families. Sister Teresa loved everyone like a mother and so her name changed to Mother Teresa.
One day, Mother Teresa found a dying man. No one would go near him because he was very sick. Mother Teresa and her friends took care of him. The man asked, "Why are you helping me?" Mother Teresa answered, "Because I love you."
She once explained, "If you feel that no one loves you, it is true starvation."

In 1979, Mother Teresa received the Nobel Peace Prize. She said, "Love begins at home. Smile at each other. Help each other. Then, more and more love will grow."
On September 5, 1997, Mother Teresa passed away at the age of 87. But today, around 4,700 sisters in 132 countries continue to help the poorest of the poor. Teresa's work of love goes on.
She once said, "Our work may look big, but it is only a drop in the ocean. But if we stop this work, the ocean will have one drop less."

See also