New Horizon 2021 transition

This page contains information relevant to the transition from the 2016 edition to the 2021 edition of the New Horizon junior high school textbook series.

Target/key sentences list

This section contains the lists of target/key sentences in all three grades of both 2016 and 2021 editions of New Horizon.

2016 edition

These sentences are called "target sentences" in the 2016 edition. These are the lists of target sentences for each grade.

1st grade

Unit Target sentences Grammar point
1 1. I am Ellen Baker be動詞「am」(肯定)
verb "to be" (1st person, positive)
2. You are Ando Saki.
Are you Ando Saki?
- Yes, I am.
be動詞「you」(疑問)
verb "to be" (2nd person, interrogative)
3. Are you from New York?
- No, I am not. I am not from New York.
be動詞「you」・「am」(否定)
verb "to be" (1st/2nd person, negative)
2 4. This is my pen.
That is my pen.
be動詞「is」(肯定)
verb "to be" (3rd person, positive)
5. Is that an amusement park?
- Yes, it is.
[No, it is not. It is a department store.]
be動詞「is」(疑問・否定)
verb "to be" (3rd person,
interrogative/negative)
6. He is my friend.
He is not my teacher.
She is my teacher.
She is not from New York.
「he」・「she」
"he," "she"
3 7. I like math. 一般動詞(肯定)
verbs (positive)
8. Do you play piano?
- Yes, I do. [No, I do not.]
一般動詞(疑問)
verbs (interrogative)
9. I do not play baseball. 一般動詞(否定)
verbs (negative)
4 10. I want two lemons. 複数形
plural
11. How many rabbits do they have?
- They have three rabbits.
疑問詞「how many」
interrogative phrase "how many"
12. Take a doggy bag.
Let's use it.
命令文(肯定)・「let's」+命令文
imperative (positive) / "let's" + imperative
5 13. What is this?
- It is a recipe.
疑問詞「what」+be動詞
interrogative word "what" + verb "to be"
14. The curry is delicious.
The recipe is not difficult.
be動詞+形容詞
verb "to be" + adjective
15. What do you have for breakfast?
- I have toast and milk.
疑問詞「what」+一般動詞
interrogative word "what" + verb
6 16. Haruki lives in Australia. 一般動詞・3単現s(肯定)
3rd person present singular (positive)
17. Does Haruki live near a beach?
- Yes, he does. [No, he does not.]
一般動詞・3単現s(疑問)
3rd person present singular (interrogative)
18. Haruki does not talk about animals. 一般動詞・3単現s(否定)
3rd person present singular (negative)
7 19. Who is this girl?
- She is my daughter.
疑問詞「who」
interrogative word "who"
20. What time is it?
- It is four (o'clock).
疑問詞「what ~」
interrogative phrase "what ~"
21. Which do you speak at home, English or Portuguese?
- We speak Portuguese.
疑問詞「which」+「or」
interrogative word "which" + "or"
8 22. Where is my dictionary?
- It is under the books.
疑問詞「where」
interrogative word "where"
23. Whose book is that?
- It is mine.
疑問詞「whose」
interrogative word "whose"
24. Do you know him?
Do you know her?
「him」「her」
"him," "her"
9 25. Kota is drinking water now. 現在進行形(肯定)
present progressive (positive)
26. Are you taking pictures?
- Yes, I am. [No, I am not.]
What are you doing?
- I am taking a video.
現在進行形(疑問・否定)
present progressive (interrogative, negative)
27. Don't ask anyone.
Be careful.
命令文(否定・be動詞)
imperative (negative, verb "to be")
10 28. Haruki can sleep anywhere.
I cannot sleep tonight.
助動詞「can」(肯定・否定)
auxiliary verb "can" (positive, negative)
29. Can you skate?
- Yes, I can. [No, I cannot.]
助動詞「can」(疑問)
auxiliary verb "can" (interrogative)
30. When can you climb Mt. Fuji?
- We can climb it during summer.
疑問詞「when」
interrogative word "when"
11 31. I watched TV yesterday. 過去形(規則・肯定)
past tense (regular, positive)
32. I came to school early this morning. 過去形(不規則・肯定)
past tense (irregular, positive)
33. Did you travel this winter?
- Yes, I did.
[No, I did not. I did not travel this winter.]
過去形(疑問・否定)
past tense (interrogative, negative)

2nd grade

Unit Target sentences Grammar point
1 1. This pen was 150 yen last week.
Was this pen 100 yen last week?
- Yes, it was. [No, it was not.]
過去形(be動詞・肯定・疑問・否定)
past tense (verb "to be,"
positive, interrogative, negative)
2. I was looking for my pencil case then. 過去進行形
past progressive
3. You look happy. 動詞「look」+形容詞
verb "look" + adjective
2 4. I am going to visit the U.K. next week.
Are you going to visit the U.K. next week?
- Yes, I am. [No, I am not.]
未来表現「be going to」(肯定・疑問・否定)
future tense construction "be going to"
(positive, interrogative, negative)
5. Show me your passport, please. 「show」+関節目的語+直接目的語
verb "show" + indirect object + direct object
6. People call it Big Ben. 「call」+目的語+補語
verb "call" + object + complement
3 7. I greet customers to welcome them. 不定詞(副詞的用法)
infinitive (adverbial usage)
8. I want to be a chef. 不定詞(名詞的用法)
infinitive (nounal usage)
9. I have many things to do. 不定詞(形容詞的用法)
infinitive (adjectival usage)
4 10. I have to speak English here. 義務を表す表現「have to」(肯定)
modal construction "have to" (positive)
11. I do not have to speak English here. 義務を表す表現「have to」(否定)
modal construction "have to" (negative)
12. You must help your mother. 助動詞「must」(肯定)
auxiliary verb "must" (positive)
13. You must not eat too much. 助動詞「must」(否定)
auxiliary verb "must" (negative)
5 14. If you are interested, we will send you a catalog. 接続詞「if」
conjunction "if"
15. I think (that) baseball is interesting. 接続詞「that」
conjunction "that"
16. When you are busy, I will help you. 接続詞「when」
conjunction "when"
17. I opened the window because it was hot. 接続詞「because」
conjunction "because"
6 18. There is a cushion on the stage.
There are two cushions on the stage.
「there」+be動詞の文(肯定)
"there" + verb "to be" construction (positive)
19. Is there a special stage set?
- Yes, there is. [No, there is not.]
「there」+be動詞の文(疑問・否定)
"there" + verb "to be" construction
(interrogative, negative)
20. We enjoyed listening to rakugo. 動名詞(目的格)
gerund (object)
21. Playing soccer is fun. 動名詞(主格)
gerund (subject)
7 22. The dolphin is larger than the tuna.
The blue whale is the largest of all animals.
比較級・最上級(er・est)
comparative, superlative ("-er"/"-est")
23. This movie is more popular than that one.
This movie is the most popular in Japan.
比較級・最上級(more・most)
comparative, superlative ("more"/"most")
24. Miho is my best friend. 比較級・最上級(better・best)
comparative, superlative ("better"/"best")
25. Miho swims as fast as Yuji. 「as」+形容詞+「as」の文
"as" + adjective + "as" construction

3rd grade

Unit Target sentences Grammar point
1 1. This painting is loved by many people. 受け身(肯定)
passive voice (positive)
2. Was this picture painted by the same person?
- Yes, it was. [No, it was not.]
受け身(疑問・否定)
passive voice (interrogative, negative)
3. This idea makes me happy. 「make」+目的語+補語
verb "make" + object + complement
2 4. I have lived in Japan for a month.
He has lived in Japan for a month.
現在完了形(断続用法・肯定)
present perfect tense (continuous usage, positive)
5. Have you known him for eight years?
How long have you known him?
- For eight years.
現在完了形(断続用法・疑問)
present perfect tense
(continuous usage, interrogative)
6. The Amazon has been important for many years. be動詞の過去分詞
past participle of verb "to be"
3 7. Have you ever heard of "fair trade"?
- Yes, I have.
[No, I have not. I have never heard of it.]
現在完了形(経験用法)
present perfect tense (experiential usage)
8. I have just looked at the prices.
Have you looked at the prices yet?
現在完了形(完了用法)
present perfect tense (completed usage)
9. I am surprised to hear that. 不定詞(原因を表す副詞的用法)
infinitive (adverbial usage expressing cause)
4 10. I know how to protect myself. 疑問詞+不定詞
interrogative word + infinitive
11. It is necessary for us to prepare for disasters. 「it」+be動詞+「for」+不定詞
"it" + verb "to be" + "for" + infinitive
12. I want you to pass on the memories. 「tell」・「want」+目的語+不定詞
verb "tell" / "want" + object + infinitive
5 13. Do you know the boy playing the guitar?
The boy playing the guitar is my brother.
Do you know the language used in Australia?
The language used in Australia is English.
現在分詞・過去分詞(形容詞としての用法)
present participle / past participle
(adjectival usage)
14. I know what you mean. 間接疑問文
indirect interrogative sentence
6 15. This is a book I brought from home. 関係節(関係代名詞なし・接触節)
relative clause (no relative pronoun / contact clause)
16. Deepa is a student who likes music very much. 関係代名詞「who」
relative pronoun "who"
17. This is a movie that [which] makes people happy. 関係代名詞「that [which]」(主格)
relative pronoun "that [which]" (subject)
18. This is a book that [which] she wrote last year. 関係代名詞「that [which]」(目的格)
relative pronoun "that [which]" (object)

2021 edition

The name for these sentences was changed to "key sentences" in the 2021 edition. These are the lists of key sentences for each grade.

1st grade

Unit Key sentences Grammar point
1 1. I am Meg Brown. be動詞「am」(肯定)
verb "to be" (1st person, positive)
2. I like Japanese food. 一般動詞(肯定)
verbs (positive)
3. Are you from Sydney?
- Yes, I am. [No, I am not.]
be動詞「are」(疑問・否定)
verb "to be" (2nd person, interrogative, negative)
4. Do you play cricket?
- Yes, I do.
[No, I do not. I do not play cricket.]
一般動詞(疑問・否定)
verbs (interrogative, negative)
5. I can read hiragana.
I cannot read kanji.
助動詞「can」(肯定・否定)
auxiliary verb "can" (positive, negative)
6. Can you read kanji?
- Yes, I can. [No, I cannot.]
助動詞「can」(疑問)
auxiliary verb "can" (interrogative)
2 7. This is Kaito. He is in Class 1B.
He is not in Class 1A.
This is Ms. Cook. She is our teacher.
She is not from Australia.
be動詞「is」(肯定・否定)
verb "to be" (3rd person, positive, negative)
8. Is that a fish market?
- Yes, it is. [No, it is not.]
be動詞「is」(疑問)
verb "to be" (3rd person, interrogative)
9. What is this?
- It is the symbol for "school."
疑問詞「what」+be動詞
interrogative word "what" + verb "to be"
10. Who is that?
- That is Josh.
疑問詞「who」
interrogative word "who"
11. How do you come to school?
- I walk to school.
疑問詞「how」
interrogative word "how"
12. What do you have for breakfast?
- I have toast.
疑問詞「what」+一般動詞
interrogative word "what" + verb
3 13. Where do you practice?
- We practice in the music room.
Where is Midori Hall?
- It is near the station.
疑問詞「where」
interrogative word "where"
14. When is the next concert?
- It is on July 5.
疑問詞「when」
interrogative word "when"

15.
I want to win the game.
I want to be a good soccer player.
不定詞(名詞的用法)
infinitive (nounal usage)
16. How many rackets do you have?
- I have two rackets.
疑問詞「how many」+複数形
interrogative phrase "how many" + plural
4 17. Come to the front. 命令文(肯定)
imperative (positive)
18. Be brave. 命令文(be動詞)
imperative (verb "to be")
19. Don't worry. 命令文(否定)
imperative (negative)
20. What time is it?
- It is noon. [It is twelve (o'clock).]
What time do you have lunch?
- At one. [We have lunch at one.]
疑問詞「what time」
interrogative phrase "what time"
21. What animals can we see in New Zealand?
- You can see sheep and kiwis.
What sport do you like?
- I like netball.
疑問詞「what ~」
interrogative phrase "what ~"
5 22. Meg is by the bench.
Look at the bench under the tree.
Look at the people on the stage.
位置を表す前置詞
locative prepositions

23.
I like dancing.
I am good at dancing.
動名詞
gerund
24. I went to the summer festival yesterday. 過去形(不規則・肯定)
past tense (irregular, positive)
6 25. Takuya lives in Cebu. 一般動詞・3単現s(肯定)
3rd person present singular (positive)
26. Takuya does not write a blog. 一般動詞・3単現s(否定)
3rd person present singular (negative)
27. Does Takuya like Filipino food?
- Yes, he does. [No, he does not.]
一般動詞・3単現s(疑問)
3rd person present singular (interrogative)
7 28. That is Kaito. Do you know him?
That is Meg. Do you know her?
「him」「her」
"him," "her"
29. Which does she speak, English or Japanese?
- She speaks English.
疑問詞「which」+「or」
interrogative word "which" + "or"
30. Whose ticket is this?
- It is mine.
疑問詞「whose」
interrogative word "whose"
8 31. I am watching TV now. 現在進行形(肯定)
present progressive (positive)
32. Are you taking a picture?
- Yes, I am. [No, I am not.]
What are you doing?
- I am writing a birthday card.
現在進行形(疑問・否定)
present progressive (interrogative, negative)

33.
How nice! / What a cute bag! 感嘆文
exclamatory sentence
9
34.
She wants to help people in need.
She tries to do her best.
不定詞(名詞的用法)
infinitive (nounal usage)

35.
What do you want to do?
- I want to try some ethnic food.
疑問詞「what」+不定詞(名詞的用法)
interrogative word "what" + infinitive (nounal usage)

36.
The children look happy. 動詞「look」+形容詞
verb "look" + adjective
10 37. I visited the museum last Sunday. 過去形(規則・肯定)
past tense (regular, positive)
38. I saw fireworks that night. 過去形(不規則・肯定)
past tense (irregular, positive)
39. Did you get up early yesterday?
- Yes, I did. [No, I did not.]
過去形(疑問・否定)
past tense (interrogative, negative)
11
40.
Were you a starter in the last game?
- Yes, I was. [No, I was not.]
過去形(be動詞・肯定・疑問・否定)
past tense (verb "to be,"
positive, interrogative, negative)

41.
Is there a campground near the lake?
- Yes, there is. [No, there is not.]
There are outdoor kitchens, too.
「there」+be動詞の文
"there" + verb "to be" construction

42.
I was playing soccer then. 過去進行形
past progressive

(★ = moved up from 2nd grade; ☆ = new grammar point)

2nd grade

Unit Key sentences Grammar point
1 1. I am going to visit Singapore next week.
Are you going to visit Singapore next week?
- Yes, I am. [No, I am not.]
2. I will make a reservation.
3. I will show you the Merlion
4. People call it the Singapore Flyer.
2 5. When I watch TV, I see many interesting dishes.
6. If you have time, we can go.
7. I think (that) curry came to Japan from India.
8. I do not eat sushi because I do not like raw fish.
3 9. We use computers to do many things.
10. I am surprised to see this.
11. We have various things to translate.
12. It is important to use AI effectively.
4 13. You have to speak English.
You do not have to speak perfect English.
14. You must come home early.
You must not come home late.
15. I finished using the bathroom.
16. Playing games is fun.
5 17. I know how to use these products.
18. I can show you how to use these products.
19. I am sure that these ideas help many people.
6 20. This movie is older than that one.
This movie is the oldest of the three.
21. This movie is more interesting than that one.
This movie is the most interesting this year.
22. I like animated movies the best of all.
23. This movie is as popular as that one.
7 24. This place is selected as a World Heritage site.
25. The mountains are listed as a natural heritage site.
Are the mountains listed as a natural heritage site?
- Yes, they are. [No, they are not.]
26. The city is visited by too many tourists.
27. Mt. Fuji can be seen from different angles.

3rd grade

Unit Key sentences Grammar point
1 1. I have seen Paralympic sports once.
Josh has seen Paralympic sports many times.
Asami has never seen Paralympic sports.
2. Have you ever seen the Paralympic Games?
- Yes, I have.
[No, I have not. I have never seen them.]
3. Playing sports makes me happy.
4. Athletes show us that anything is possible.
2 5. I have just finished my homework.
Have you finished your homework yet?
- Yes, I have. I have already finished it.
6. I have lived in Japan for five years.
How long have you lived in Japan?
- For five years.
7. I have been reading a book since 10 a.m.
3 8. It is important for us to understand the problem.
9. I want everyone to know this fact.
10. Let us give you one example.
People helped toki live safely.
4 11. I know where the local shelter is.
12. Tell me what you have done.
13. We spoke to a police officer passing by.
14. The followed instructions given in English.
5 15. This is a picture I found on the internet.
16. Gandhi is a man who has influenced a lot of people.
17. This is a movie that [which] makes people happy.
18. This is a picture that [which] I found on the internet.
6 19. I wish I could go to school.
I wish I had pens and notebooks.
20. If I were you, I would ask my friends for help.
21. If I had a school backpack, I would donate it.
22. Many things that we see every day come from overseas.

See also

Junior High School
V • T
New Horizon New Horizon 1st grade • New Horizon 2nd grade • New Horizon 3rd gradeNew Horizon 2021 transition
Other Topics JHS GradesEnglish textbooks