Perfect tense

In Japanese, perfect tense is called 完了形 (かんりょうけい; kanryokei).

Present perfect tense is formed using have + past participle. It is taught in 3rd grade JHS.

  • I have been to Aomori. (Things you experienced.)
  • I have finished my homework. (Things you completed.)
  • I have played baseball since I was 5. (Things you did and still do.)

Past perfect tense, then, is formed using had + past participle. It is taught in 3rd grade high school.

  • I had been to Aomori before, so last week's trip was not interesting.

Perfect tense examples.

Present perfect activities

Past perfect activities

See also